Philadelphia Zoning, Land Use, and Construction COVID-19 Update
The Ballard Spahr Zoning and Land Use Team is continuing to monitor all aspects of the Philadelphia land use approval process during the COVID-19 emergency, including the issuance of zoning and building permits, regulation of construction work, and changes to relevant court filing deadlines. Our team is also tracking all zoning and land-use related legislation in Philadelphia City Council. Below, we provide an update on relevant City Council legislation and code bulletins issued by the Department of Licenses and Inspections (L&I).
Philadelphia Legislative and Regulatory Update
Bill No. 200260
Yesterday, on October 1, 2020, Bill No. 200260 was passed. This bill makes two changes to the Zoning Code. First, the bill amends the administrative review process for special exceptions and variances by removing the 180 day review period. As a result of this change, the recipient of a variance or a special exception issued by the Zoning Board may request a minor administrative adjustment at any point, provided that the variance or special exception has not expired. Second, the bill mandates that all amendments to variances and special exceptions comply with the current Zoning Code, as of the date the amendment is filed, along with the prior zoning approvals.
Code Bulletin Z-2001
Code Bulletin Z-2001 addresses concurrent zoning permits for the same property. A copy of the Bulletin can be found here. The Bulletin clarifies that applicants may obtain multiple approvals for the same property. Once a zoning approval is acted upon, the corresponding zoning permit voids all competing permits or approvals. A zoning approval is considered “acted upon” when: (a) an occupancy permit is acquired, (b) a construction permit is acquired, or (c) a lot consolidation deed is recorded after a lot adjustment approval is granted.
Applicants may also pursue competing permits if the approvals are not by-right. If a zoning application is filed while another application is before the Zoning Board of Adjustment (ZBA), and such subsequent application is for the entire parcel or the same area of a parcel, L&I will accept the subsequent application and process it as usual. If the subsequent application requires ZBA action, the examiner will include a note to the ZBA identifying the concurrent application under appeal.
If a zoning application is filed while another application is before the ZBA, and such subsequent application is not for the entire parcel or the same area of a parcel, the subsequent application will still be processed. However, L&I reserves the right to notify the ZBA about the subsequent zoning application if approval or denial of the subsequent application will impact the appeal before the ZBA. If so, the ZBA will determine if the applicant is required to amend the zoning permit application and obtain a revised refusal.
A property owner may also abandon a construction or occupancy permit and revert to a prior approval if: (a) a written request to abandon is submitted to L&I; (b) construction or occupancy permits are obtained within the proper time limits set forth in the Zoning Code; or (c) the re-establishment of a nonconforming use (if applicable) is compliant with the provisions of the Zoning Code. L&I may also require a new zoning permit to document the current use in the zoning record.
Code Bulletin BU-2001
Code Bulletin BU-2001 explains the information included in a Property Certificate issued by L&I. According to the Bulletin, a Property Certificate includes the following information: (a) the zoning classification of the property, but not the zoning overlay district; (b) the last legally registered use of the property; (c) any open violations, including unpaid fines; and (d) a summary of the property’s maintenance responsibilities. Notably, a Property Certificate does not certify compliance with the Philadelphia Building Construction and Occupancy Code nor does it confer any legal entitlement, right or defense. A copy of the Bulletin can be found here.
PHILADELPHIA ZONING, LAND USE, AND CONSTRUCTION COVID-19 UPDATE
This is a current status report on a number of key items, including several changes since our September 4, 2020, update. We will continue to update this list, which may change as new information becomes available. Please call or email the Ballard Spahr Zoning and Land Use Team with any questions regarding this information; in particular, please consult with an attorney regarding all filing deadlines.
Construction work of all types is authorized in the City of Philadelphia. Construction sites must comply with all applicable State and City guidance. All work must conform to the requirements of the Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health issued on April 15, 2020 (regarding business safety measures for in-person operations) and April 5, 2020, regarding building safety measures; all applicable guidance of the Centers for Disease Control (including the April 8, 2020, guidance regarding critical infrastructure workers who may have been exposed to COVID-19); the Governor’s April 28, 2020, guidance regarding real estate industry operations; the Governor’s April 23, 2020, guidance regarding construction businesses; and the City’s Safer-At-Home guidance. Also, the Philadelphia’s Water Department must be notified of the project at email@example.com. More detailed information is available here.
L&I’s Audits and Investigations Unit is conducting patrols in order to ensure compliance with COVID-19 requirements. L&I is also tracking all stop-work orders issued for non-compliant work sites and will pursue action against non-compliant license holders. Failure to comply with the City’s order will result in the issuance of violations and corresponding fines of up to $2,000 per day of violation, the suspension or revocation of the contractor’s license, a referral to Commonwealth authorities, and any other remedies available under law.
Licenses and Inspections
L&I employees are actively working on zoning and building permits through eCLIPSE, L&I’s online permitting and licensing system. All physical copies of issued permits will be held at the Municipal Services Building at 1401 JFK Boulevard, but electronic copies will be made available, along with electronic billing statements. Individuals can pick up their permits and plans from the Municipal Services Building by appointment. Individuals can also file permit applications and drop off additional materials by appointment. L&I also increased all fees, excluding inspection and administrative fees, on July 1, 2020. The new fee schedule can be found here.
L&I maintains a crew of inspectors. All inspections must be scheduled through L&I’s Interactive Voice Recognition system (IVR). Instructions for IVR are available here. If a contractor needs to meet a critical deadline, he/she should submit an inquiry to L&I via 311 using an online form available here. Notably, contractors will not be able to schedule inspections if their licenses are not up to date in eCLIPSE.
To obtain a “make safe” permit for a dangerous building, an appointment must be scheduled with L&I. Instructions for requesting a “make safe” permit are available here.
L&I has also suspended the expiration of previously issued permits. The expiration dates on all construction permits and zoning permits, including conditional zoning permits, active on or after March 16, 2020, have been extended by six months. An additional six-month extension may be requested upon the expiration of the extended period. These extensions do not apply to fire code, make safe, or rough-in permits. Also, this extension is not in addition to any extension issued by the Zoning Board of Adjustment; all permits granted by variance or special exception are still subject to ZBA regulation. Lastly, all permit applications active on or after March 16, 2020, have been extended for six months from the date that the permit would be deemed abandoned. This extension, however, does not apply if there have been subsequent submissions.
Furthermore, all individuals who received variances and special exceptions between September 16, 2019, and March 16, 2020, may file for an administrative review any time within 360 days of issuance of the special exception or variance.
Currently, the Board of License and Inspection Review, the Board of Building Standards, and the Plumbing Advisory Board are conducting regular hearings. All previously stayed hearings have been rescheduled.
Permit denials and the ability to appeal are currently available through eCLIPSE if the denial was issued on eCLIPSE after March 15, 2020. Individuals can make amendments via eCLIPSE if the application was filed on eCLIPSE; amendments to pre-eCLIPSE documents must be submitted by mail or by contacting L&I.
Zoning Board of Adjustment
The Zoning Board of Adjustment began holding bi-weekly virtual hearings on July 14, 2020. All hearings will be conducted via Zoom. Agendas for the upcoming hearings can be found here. For appeals filed on or after March 13, and appeals filed prior to March 13, but not yet scheduled for a hearing, the ZBA will schedule the matter for an original hearing and notify the appellant at least 21 days in advance. For appeals scheduled to be heard after March 13, 2020, the ZBA will reschedule any hearing that was cancelled or otherwise continued and notify the appellant at least 14 days prior. For appeals not involving a request for a variance or special exception, the ZBA will schedule the matter for a hearing and notify the appellant at least seven days in advance.
All appellants who had a hearing scheduled after March 13, 2020, that was subsequently cancelled and rescheduled are not required to re-send individual notifications, but the ZBA recommends re-notifying all parties. Furthermore, at least five days prior to the scheduled hearing, appellants must email to the ZBA an exhibit packet that includes all information required by the Zoning Code. Failure to submit an exhibit packet may cause the ZBA to continue or dismiss the matter.
Posting and Notice Requirements
Notification signs for hearings must be posted at least 21 days prior to the hearing date, and notification signs for continued hearings must be posted at least 14 days prior to the hearing date. The content for these signs will be provided by the ZBA and may not be altered by the applicant. All Zoning Code requirements relating to reposting, sign removal, and the posting of refusals and referrals remain in effect. The ZBA may require an applicant to provide proof that the posting requirements have been met.
If a ZBA hearing has been scheduled, but a coordinating Registered Community Organization (RCO) is unable to organize a community meeting, the ZBA shall defer to the recommendation of the Planning Commission regarding the treatment of the ZBA hearing unless the District Councilperson objects or the ZBA finds that the recommendation imposes an undue burden upon the applicant or other persons or entities, including the RCO(s). If an RCO is unable to hold a meeting within the 45-day meeting period, the Planning Commission may ask the District Councilperson to select another coordinating RCO or may make an alternate recommendation to the ZBA that best serves the “interests of the City of Philadelphia.”
The ZBA has also extended the expiration dates on all approvals issued by the Board if the approval would have expired on March 15, 2020, through December 31, 2020. All such approvals have been extended by 180 days from the date that the approval would have expired.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency/U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
By order of Gov. Tom Wolf, PADEP offices throughout the Commonwealth remain closed. However, much of the regional staff is telecommuting and reachable in connection with inquiries on the status of pending environmental approvals/applications. The U.S. EPA remains open via telecommuting options, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers also is reachable.
Developers may have some flexibility in their efforts to comply with environmental laws, at least as far as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is concerned. Here is a link to our Environmental Group’s alert on that topic. Here is a link to the previous Ballard Spahr alert discussing the EPA policy.
Furthermore, PADEP has expanded its menu of online permitting functions, enabling the business community to take advantage of what PADEP believes is a more streamlined permit application and review experience. PADEP is also promoting use of the tool because it increases the efficiency of its permit reviewers now working from home as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. PADEP notes that previous online permitting options will remain in place, and for those taking advantage of the earlier programs, the existing portals should continue to be used. For the new slug of permits online, here is a helpful link to application materials with instructions and guidance. Those with questions can email Harry Weiss, leader of Ballard Spahr’s Environment and Natural Resources Group, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The EPA’s Temporary Enforcement Policy
The EPA announced that as of August 31, 2020, its temporary enforcement policy, which loosened as a result of COVID-19, ended. A link to the notice terminating the EPA’s COVID-19 temporary enforcement policy can be found here.
For the development and property management industry, in particular, typical permits that should be re-reviewed for compliance duties include stormwater discharge permits issued under the federal Clean Water Act (generally known as NPDES permits) that regulate pre- and post-construction stormwater control discharges.
It’s also important to review state requirements, as some states continue to have in place an enforcement waiver process for environmental compliance impacted by COVID-19.
Linear Infrastructure Permitting
A Federal District Court in Montana has invalidated U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Nationwide Permit 12 because the court found that the Corps did not, while reauthorizing the general permit in 2017, take into proper account the impact of use of the permit on certain endangered species. The decision in Northern Plains Resource Council v. United States Army Corps of Engineers can be reviewed here, and has left developers of such projects scrambling to identify other Nationwide Permits that may be utilized to keep projects moving forward and avoid the need to seek individual wetland fill permits for work along the entire route.
Zoning and building permits should still be posted on properties in the normal course, to the extent possible. Please contact our Zoning and Land Use Team for any assistance.
The Philadelphia Streets Department is focusing its essential personnel on emergency repairs, so inspections of existing projects may be delayed. The Streets Department is actively working on preparing surveyors to review subdivision and lot line relocation plans remotely. Plan Review Counter Submissions (Checklist no. 1) may be submitted online only through the L&I eCLIPSE system. All Plan Review Intake Submissions (Checklists nos. 2, 3, and 4) must be submitted electronically to StreetsROW.PlanReview@phila.gov. Developer Services Meetings deemed necessary by staff may be held remotely.
If a permit has expired or is approaching expiration as a result of work stoppage due to COVID-19, the Department advises individuals to email the permit number and their contact information to email@example.com to request a permit extension.
The Water Department’s offices are closed to the public; however, Private Development Services’ staff members are working remotely. Staff members are conducting storm water plan reviews, utility plan reviews, water and sewer sign-offs, along with other reviews. Delays should be expected for all reviews, especially utility plan reviews. All general questions and meeting requests should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. Additional information about submitting materials and payments can be found here.
Any zoning, demolition, site or building permit that requires PWD sign-off must be applied for via eCLIPSE. Additionally, PWD has created a new Electronic Pre-Application Form. This form is recommended for projects that have yet to make an ERSA Application, but wish to meet with PWD virtually in advance of submission to discuss the project.
The Water Department is also processing plumbing permits. For all new connection requests, applicants must have a pre-permit, which can be requested by contacting email@example.com. More information about plumbing permits and payment methods can be found here.
The Water Department is also granting time extensions to expiration dates for project permits and approvals impacted by the shutdown. Time extensions only apply to PWD-issued permits and approvals.
Regular billing will continue, but PWD waived late payment fees for all customers through July 10. While late payment fees began accruing after July 10, PWD did not terminate service for customers through September 30.
Department of Records
The Philadelphia Department of Records has a small staff is now in-office to help process mail, email, and phone requests. In-person services are still unavailable. E-recording via third-party vendors, however, is still operating. Delays should be expected.
Department of Planning and Development
The Department of Planning and Development issued emergency regulations governing “deemed approvals” by the Philadelphia City Planning Commission, the Philadelphia Historical Commission, the Philadelphia Art Commission, and their various committees, including the Civic Design Review Committee and the Sign Committee of the Art Commission. From March 18, 2020, through 60 days after the termination of the Mayor’s Emergency Order, the non-performance of review by these agencies, their respective committees or staff, in connection with any applications, plans, materials, or other documents will not constitute a deemed approval or a deemed denial of any such applications, plans, materials or documents subject to review.
Philadelphia Historical Commission
While the offices of the Philadelphia Historical Commission are closed, staff members are working remotely. General inquiries, approvals, complaints, and nominations can be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. The staff can also review and approve most applications without referral to the Commission itself. Additional information can be found here.
The Historical Commission is also meeting remotely. Members of the public can watch or listen to the Commission’s meetings. More information about upcoming meetings can be found here.
Philadelphia Art Commission
Art Commission staff members are working remotely. The Commission’s next meeting is scheduled for October 7, 2020. Details about upcoming meetings can be found here.
Philadelphia City Planning Commission (PCPC)
Staff members at the Planning Commission are working remotely, although, delays should be expected. Staff members are reviewing plans submitted on eCLIPSE and amendments to master plans. PCPC staff will provide comments on any proposed legislation, a draft of which should be sent to staff members; requesting parties should keep in mind that all legislation is subject to the discretion of City Council. Reviews of applications related to steep slopes, frontages, and landscapes are being completed in a timely manner. Reviews of applications related to watersheds or lot lines are delayed due to the inaccessibility of maps located in PCPC’s offices. Staff members are also conducting Urban Design reviews through eCLIPSE and processing loading waivers through email.
The Civic Design Review Committee is holding virtual meetings. More information about upcoming meetings can be found here. Staff members are available to provide preliminary Civic Design Review comments by email at CDR@phila.gov.
PCPC is required to send out notices as soon as practicable for any appeal or referral to the Civic Design Review (CDR) Committee. The date on which the notice is received shall constitute the date of receipt under the Zoning Code.
With respect to Registered Community Organizations (RCOs), PCPC has extended the 45-day meeting period by an additional 45 days for all coordinating RCOs whose 45-day meeting period expired between March 13, 2020, and September 30, 2020. Furthermore, from March 13, 2020, through September 30, 2020, all coordinating RCOs will be deemed to have met the public meeting requirements if they hold their meeting within 45 days of receiving notice. Virtual meetings hosted through telecommunications technology satisfy the public meeting requirements. If a coordinating RCO cannot host a public meeting, they must contact PCPC, the Zoning Board of Adjustment (ZBA), the CDR Committee, and the applicable District Councilperson prior to the date of the scheduled ZBA hearing and/or CDR meeting.
Philadelphia Parks and Recreation
Tree Management staff members are conducting plan reviews on a limited schedule. Plans can be dropped off between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. on Mondays through Fridays via a phone call to Robin Klink at 215.683.0213, or by email at Robin.Klink@phila.gov. Once the plan has been reviewed, a notification will be sent by email and plans may be picked up based on the above schedule.
Tax Abatement Applications
According to the Chief Deputy City Solicitor of the Property Assessment Unit, tax abatement applications can still be mailed to the Office of Property Assessment or emailed to Drew.Aldinger@phila.gov. The application will be deemed received on the postmark date. If the deadline to file an abatement application expires while the OPA is closed, the application will still be accepted and considered timely if received within 45 days of the reopening of the OPA.
Philadelphia County courts are still under a local emergency order. All in-person civil and municipal court trials, hearings, and conferences scheduled through July 6, 2020, were administratively canceled and are being rescheduled. Counsel will be notified about the status of their respective hearings. All prior suspensions of time requirements, time limitations, or filing deadlines expired on May 11, 2020.
All landlord-tenant cases scheduled to be heard by the Municipal Court from July 6, 2020, to September 2, 2020, were postponed and rescheduled starting September 3. Courts began accepting new landlord-tenant actions for filing on July 13, 2020; however, they will not be scheduled for a hearing until on or after November 16. Furthermore, the issuance and service of writs of possession and alias writs of possession were stayed until September 23, 2020. The service of any alias of writ of possession in a residential case is suspended until October 7, 2020. More information can be found here and here. In every action by a landlord against a tenant for the recovery of real property filed after March 27, 2020, the landlord must provide an affidavit of compliance attesting to compliance with the federal Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). The landlord must also engage in mediation through the Philadelphia Eviction Diversion Program before taking any action of eviction in court. It is also important to note that as of September 17, 2020, certain residential evictions are not permitted through December 31, 2020. More information can be found here. Lastly, the First Judicial District has issued a stay for appeals from judgments of possession of real property pursuant to a lease filed before March 16, 2020.
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