Conspiracy theorists are facing a surge in legal troubles.

Over the last few months, a spate of lawsuits have been filed targeting fringe internet activists and far-right outlets for spreading baseless theories about topics that range from the unsolved murder of Democratic National Committee staffer Seth Rich, to last summer's attack against demonstrators in Charlottesville, Virginia.

Charles Tobin, an attorney who specializes in First Amendment cases and who has provided legal representation to CNN, said he was "confident" that when examining the cases, "courts are going to figure out who is telling lies and who is reporting the news."

"I think the First Amendment is an excellent tool to sort journalism from fake news," Tobin said, adding that after reviewing the lawsuits, he believes there are a lot of "dark conspiracy theorists operating on the web" that won't be constitutionally protected.

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