The California Legislature has approved a bill aimed at stopping banks from using arbitration clauses to shield themselves from lawsuits over sham accounts — a direct response to the Wells Fargo scandal.

Senate Bill 33 passed the state Assembly on Tuesday and was approved by the Senate on Wednesday. It now goes to Gov. Jerry Brown’s desk

If the bill becomes law, financial institutions may challenge it, arguing it stands in opposition to a federal law that favors arbitration and has been used to prevent states from weakening or disregarding arbitration agreements.

Over the last few decades, the U.S. Supreme Court has issued opinions in several arbitration-related cases, generally saying states cannot make rules that disfavor arbitration and that state courts must honor arbitration agreements.

Alan Kaplinsky, a Philadelphia attorney who pioneered the use of arbitration clauses, told The Times this spring that if the bill becomes law, he believes the Supreme Court would eventually overturn it.

“It clearly won’t stand up,” he said. “Really, there’s no doubt at all that the state law would be preempted.”

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