Divergent points of view on the anticipated new standards from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are being touted by many groups.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce released a report claiming that the expected rules will cost the U.S. economy $50 billion a year and eliminate 224,000 jobs, while the Environmental Protection Agency portrayed inaction on our changing climate as having an even larger detrimental effect.

Although the standards won’t be finalized until June 2015, there remains much speculation about what the rules will be, what levels will be set by the administration, and how quickly the reductions must be met by states. And there is one thing that everyone agrees on.

"There certainly will be litigation," said Brendan K. Collins, an environmental attorney at Ballard Spahr who has represented nuclear energy companies and other non-fossil electricity providers as an intervener in defense of EPA rules in other recent lawsuits. "I'm sure that EPA is being extraordinarily attentive to the cases they've won and the cases they've lost," Mr. Collins said. "The courts have offered a greater clarity as to what the scope of EPA's discretion is in rulemaking."

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Climate Change and Sustainability
Environment and Natural Resources