A federal judge in Arizona might end up striking down state laws regulating ballot measure campaigns, political action committees, and possibly even candidates’ campaign committees.

U.S. District Court Judge James Teilborg ruled on September 30 that Arizona Revised Statutes’ definition of “political committee” is unconstitutionally vague and said he is prepared to issue an injunction barring the enforcement of all election statutes that use the definition.

Joseph A. Kanefield, an elections attorney in Ballard Spahr’s Phoenix office, said that would likely mean that ballot measure committees and possibly PACs would no longer be subject to campaign finance disclosure requirements. “Election officials would be deprived of the ability to lean where these committees are getting these funds and how they’re spending them, without going through sort of more formal enforcement proceedings,” Mr. Kanefield said.

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